With Wheelchair Tennis the court size, balls, and rackets are all standard. The two major differences from pedestrian tennis are that specially designed wheelchairs are used, and the ball may bounce twice before being returned. The second bounce may be in or out of the court boundaries.
Quad players are allowed to use the extra long rackets in case extra space is needed to tape the racket to the hand/arm.
Junior players must be 18 to play in ITF Junior events.
All singles matches are the best of 3 sets.
There are three categories of Wheelchair Tennis, Mens, Ladies, and Quads (sometimes called Mixed). Quads players can hold rackets taped to the hand and use electric-powered wheelchairs.
Before starting the service, the server must be stationary. The server is then allowed one push before striking the ball. Throughout the delivery of the service the server's wheels may not touch any area other than that behind the baseline within the imaginary extension of the centre mark and sideline.
If conventional methods for the service are physically impossible for a quad player, then the player or another individual may drop the ball for such a player and allow it to bounce before it is struck. If this is the case, the same method of serving must be used for the entire match.
Players who have severe limitations on mobility that prevent them from pushing a manual chair and therefore use a power wheelchair for every day mobility may use a power wheelchair to play tennis.
Light up casters are prohibited to be used by a player whilst competing on court and care must be taken to ensure that the chairs do not damage te playing surface.
A Wheelchair Tennis chair is lighter than an everyday chair to allow the athlete flexibility of movement. The wheelchair is considered part of the player - therefore, general rules of contact apply. To keep the player stable on the chair, a positioning strap across the waist and/or thighs is used. Players with tetraplegia may not use either foot to propel a wheelchair.
Grip devices are designed specifically for players who do not have the grip strength to hold a racquet. Athletic tape and an Ace bandage wrap are two simple solutions to maintain a proper grip. Orthopedic racquet holders and "grasping gloves" are available if more support is required. Arm and leg prosthetics are available for individuals who are amputees. Arm prosthetics can be adapted to grasp a tennis racquet.
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