Paralympic Archery

Paralympic Archery

US Naval paralympic archery instructor, Russell_Wolfe, taking a test shot.  Normally, he would be a great deal further from the target !

No sport has as great a Paralympic history as Archery! Originally developed as rehabilitation and recreation for people with a physical disability. It rapidly evolved into an internationally competitive sport, featuring at the first Stoke Mandeville Games in 1948. It was introduced to the Paralympic Games in Rome 1960 and has featured ever since. A sign of its status was reflected in Barcelona 1992 when paralympian Antonio Rebollo lit the Olympic and Paralympic flames with an arrow.

Athletes in 54 countries are currently practicing archery.

Paralympic archery shares the same format as its Olympic counterpart, with athletes aiming for the centre of a target 70m away. Individual and team events in both standing and wheelchair competitions are held in a knockout format.

The target is 122cm in diameter, with 10 scoring zones (10 concntric rings), with the central gold zone worth the maximum of 10 points.

The individual matches are won from the best of five sets, as opposed to the best-of-12-arrows model. Each set consists of three arrows per athlete. The team contains athletes from all disability classes.

Archers are classified according to the extent of their disability, with separate individual events for each of three classes.

Classifications:

W1

Wheelchair and Cerebral Palsy athletes with impairment in all four limbs

W2

Wheelchair users with full arm function.

W3

Standing athletes in Amputee, Les Autres and Cerebral Palsy categories. Some athletes in the standing group will sit on a high stool for support but will still have their feet touching the ground.

Events:

Men's individual Compound, women's individual Compound

Men's individual Recurve, women's individual Recurve

Men's team Recurve, women's team Recurve

The Bow:

Compound 

Uses a system of cables and pulleys which helps the archer to bend the limbs.

Recurve 

Traditional type of bow, tips of the limbs curve away from the archer.




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