Paracanoing

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Overview of the Sport

Paracanoing races are sprints, held along 200m straight line courses marked by buoys, with events for men, women, and mixed couples.

There are two types of boats: kayaks, identified by the letter K, and outrigger canoes, also known as Va’a, identified by the letter V. Boats are adapted according to the requirements of its crew members. Athletes with any kind of physical-motor disability may participate in competitions.

With a 200m race lasting between 40 and 70 seconds (depends on category and classification) contestants require an incredible amount of strength and power to accelerate to and maintain their top speed.  At the end of the race muscles will be screaming as the lactic acid builds up and it is a huge test of mind over body to try to limit deceleration while battling against fatigue. 

The sport will make its Paralympic Games debut at the 2016 Summer Paralympics. At this stage, no provision is made for deaf, visually impaired, or intellectually disabled athletes.

Events

Six events for men:

K-1 200m for LTA, TA, and A
V-1 200m for LTA, TA, and A

Six events for women:

K-1 200m for LTA, TA, and A
V-1 200m for LTA, TA, and A

Four events for mixed gender:

K-2 200m for TA & A
V-2 200m for TA & A

Paracanoe boat standards

General: 

Modifications are permitted to enhance stability providing the boat is not made faster. (ie. stabilizing pontoons) 

Adaptation equipment is not regulated. If securely attached it is included as part of the boat weight. 

Boat dimensions:

Type

K-1

K-2

Max Len

520 cm

650 cm

Min Width

50 cm

47 cm

Min Weight

12kg

18kg

Type

V-1

V-2

Max Len

730 cm

850 cm

Min Weight

13 kg

18 kg

Ama (pontoon) Max Len

250 cm

350 cm

Additional Va’a Notes:

The va’a shall be a single hull va’a, rigged with a single ama (outrigger pontoon) and double 'iako (spreaders), separated by at least one seat. 

The hull, ama and ‘iako must meet the specifications set forth above. 

When the event host is not providing a set of identical V1 or V2 for the event, the hull, ama and ‘iako must meet the specifications set forth above. 

Para Va’a equipment such as a support seat must be removable. Paddlers may supply their own equipment as approved by the IVF Para Va’a Committee Chair. 

Sit-in va’a is the recommended option, but either sit-in or sit-on-top va’a may be used.

The ama will be attached on the left side, but can be attached on the right side if needed and approved by the IVF Para Va’a Committee Chair. 

Rudders are not permitted. 

Sport Classification

The following classifications blend the three ICF recognized sport classes for Paracanoe (LTA, TA, A) with the six International Va’a Federation (IVF) recognized sport classes.

LTA (IVF 5 & 6 Point Paddler) 

Paddlers with a disability with functional use of their legs, trunk and arms for paddling, and can apply force to the foot board or the seat to help propel the boat. 

Paddlers in this category may typically have a minimum disability equivalent to one of the following: 

Amputee 

Neurological Impairment equivalent to incomplete lesion at S1 

Cerebral Palsy Class 8 (CPISRA) 

TA (IVF 4 Point Paddler) 

Paddlers who have functional use of the trunk and arms and are unable to apply continuous and controlled force to the footboard or seat to propel the boat due to significantly weakened function of the lower limbs. 

Paddlers in this category may typically have a minimum disability equivalent to at one or more of the following: 

Bilateral around knee amputation, or significantly impaired quadriceps, or 

Neurological impairment equivalent to a complete lesion at L3 level, or an  incomplete lesion at L1, or 

Combination of the above such as one leg with around knee amputation and one  leg with significant quadriceps impairment; or 

Classification by the international sports federation for paddlers with cerebral palsy  (CPISRA) as eligible to be in CP Class 5. 

A (IVF 1 – 3 Point Paddler) 

Paddlers with shoulder function only (no trunk function). They are able to apply force predominantly using the arms and/or shoulders, and will likely also have poor sitting balance. 

Paddlers may typically have a minimum disability equivalent to one or more of the following: 

Cerebral Palsy Class 4 (CP-ISRA), or 

Neurological Impairment with a complete lesion at T12 level, or an incomplete  lesion at T10. 


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