The Deaflympics

Summer Sports
Winter Sports

The Deaflympics (previously called World Games for the Deaf, and International Games for the Deaf) are an International Olympic Committee (IOC)-sanctioned event at which deaf athletes compete at an elite level. However, unlike the athletes in other IOC-sanctioned events (ie, the Olympics, the Paralympics, and the Special Olympics), the Deaflympians cannot be guided by sounds (ie, the starter's guns, bullhorn commands or referee whistles). The games have been organized by the Comité International des Sports des Sourds (CISS, "The International Committee of Sports for the Deaf") since the first event.

The Deaflympics is a contest between athletes, not nationalities.

The Deaflympics are held every 4 years, and are the longest running multi-sport event after the Olympics themselves. The first games, known as The International Silent Games, held in Paris in 1924 and organised by Eugene Rubens-Alcais, were also the first ever international sporting event for athletes with a disability. The event has been held every four years since, except during World War II, and the Deaflympic Winter Games was included in 1949. The games began as a small gathering of 148 athletes from nine European nations competing in the International Silent Games in Paris, France, in 1924, and have since grown into a global movement. In Taipei in 2009, 2,493 athletes from 77 countries competed.

To qualify for the games, athletes must have a hearing loss of at least 55 db in their "better ear". Hearing aids, cochlear implants and the like are not allowed to be used in competition, to place all athletes on the same level. There are other ways in which the games differ from hearing competitions are the manner in which they are officiated. As Deaflympians are not able to be guided by sounds, some sports use alternative methods to control the athletes. For example football referees wave a flag instead of blowing a whistle, and races are started with a light, instead of a starter pistol. It is also the practice for spectators not to cheer or clap, but rather to wave – usually with both hands.

The 2013 games in Bulgaria and Germany will be followed by the next Summer games in 2017 in Ankara, Turkey.

The next Winter Deaflympics is in 2015 in Vancouver, Canada.

There are 19 Summer disciplines and 5 in Winter.

Summer sports:

Athletics Badminton Basketball
Beach Volleyball Bowling Cycling Road
Football Handball Judo
Karate Mountain Bike Orienteering
Shooting Swimming Table Tennis
Taekwondo Tennis Volleyball

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Winter sports:

Alpine Skiing Cross Country Skiing Curling
Ice Hockey Snowboarding

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This work is a derivative of the Wikipedia page Deaflympics.

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