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Deaf Handball is an indoor team game for seven players per side - one goalkeeper and six outfield players. The object of the game is to pass the ball so that it is possible to throw it into the goal of the other team.
A standard match consists of two periods of thirty minutes.
The game is fast paced and body contact is allowed. This is due to the defenders trying to stop the attackers from scoring. Any contact from the side or from behind is considered dangerous and is often met with penalties. Players in handball are allowed an unlimited amount of fouls unlike in basketball , where they are only allowed commit five. This is considered good defence and disrupts the rhythm of the attacking team
If a defender is successful in stopping an attack, the game is stopped and restarted with the defending team now the attacking team. The game is then restarted where the defender stopped the attacker. Goals are scored very frequently; it is not unusual for both teams to score at least twenty goals each.
The earliest records of handball can be dated back to the middle ages in medieval France and among the Inuits in Greenland. Team handball was formed by the end of the 19th Century in Northern Europe, including Denmark, Germany, Norway and Sweden. The modern set of handball rules was published in October 1917, by Max Heiser, Karl Schelenz and Eric Konigh all from Germany.
In 1925 the first International Handball game between Germany and Belgium was held. This was an all male game. In 1930, the first all female International Handball game was played between Germany and Austria.
Men’s handball became an Olympic Sport at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. Women’s handball became an Olympic Sport at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Canada.
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Handball is played on a court which measures 40x20 metres with a goal in the centre of each end. The goals are surrounded by a semi circle area, which is known as “The Zone”. Only goalkeepers are allowed within this area.
A game of handball is officiated by two referees. They are known as the goal line referee and the court referee. In a game of handball the referees stand diagonally aligned so that each can observe one sideline each. Referees are supported by a scorekeeper and also a timekeeper, who keep track of the number of goals scored or starting and stopping the clock. They also keep an eye on the bench and notify the referee of any substitution errors.
A handball team consists of seven players on the field at the one time and nine substitutions on the bench. A team can substitute any number of players at any time during the game play. The referees need not to be told prior to the changing of players.
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