Deaf Cricket

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Deaf cricket is not all that different to plain old cricket. The only difference is that the umpire's decisions are signed to the players so they understand what is happening.

The sport of cricket is played by two teams consisting of eleven players each. Each team also has an additional player known as the ‘twelfth’ man. This player is used when a player is injured during play, or has to go off for other reasons. Along with the thirteen players on the field (11 fielders, 2 batsmen), there are also two umpires on the field. One at the bowler's end, and one off to the side at the batter's end. The umpires make on-field decisions and notify the players of their decisions. There may also be a third umpire off-field who is responsible for video decisions.  The third umpire is only used when the decision is too close to call for the on field umpires.

The object of the game of cricket is to dismiss the opposing team for as few runs as possible and then for the other team to try and chase down the target set by their opponents.

A game of cricket consists of two innings each for both teams. The game usually begins with a coin toss, the winner of the coin toss then chooses whether to bat or bowl during the first innings.

A cricketer’s attire consists of a polo shirt, long trousers, a jumper, sun hat or helmet, spiked shoes, and gloves. The equipment used by the batting team consists of a bat which is made of willow, and is 38 inches long and 4.25 inches wide. A helmet and gloves are also used by the batters. The bowlers use a ball that can be either red or white which is stitched with twine and covered in leather. Also used are the stumps, which consist of three poles which are placed in the ground.  Two pieces of wood known as bails are placed on top of the stumps and these are what the bowlers are trying to knock over when they are delivering the ball. The boundary is usually just a rope that marks out the perimeter of the field.

A batsman’s objective during the game is to score as many runs as he/she can. Runs are scored by the batsman running to the other end of the pitch while his running mate does the same from the opposite end.  This is classed as one run even though both batsmen are running. A batsman can also score runs by hitting a boundary. A boundary can be classed as either four runs or six runs depending on whether the ball bounces before reaching the boundary rope. A four is scored when the ball touches the ground before reaching the rope, or touches the rope on its way over. A six is scored when the ball first hits the ground <b>after</b> passing the boundary (and does not touch the rope). Batsmen may also score runs by a No-ball, A Wide, A Bye or A Leg Bye.

The bowler gets six deliveries per over, except that for each no-ball thrown, he must bowl another delivery. After each over, the ball is given to another bowler who balls from the other end.

A No-ball is called when the umpire declares that the delivery is illegal or dangerous.  It is illegal if the bowler's front foot was not behind the crease (a line drawn 1 yard down the pitch) when the ball was released, or the ball bounces more than twice, or the ball rolls before reaching the batsman.  It is deemed dangerous when the ball is bowled at the batsmen’s body or head more than the legal limit per over (usually one or two). A batsman is allowed to hit a no-ball and score runs off it. A batsman can only be declared out on a no-ball if they are run out. The batsman scores the number of runs he actually makes off the no-ball, plus one extra run for the no-ball.

A Wide is declared by the umpire if he thinks the batsman doesn’t have a reasonable opportunity to score off the delivery.

A Bye is declared when the ball passes the striking batsman and runs are scored without the batsman hitting the ball.

A Leg Bye is declared when runs are scored by hitting the batsman but not the bat. However no runs are scored if the batsman doesn’t attempt to hit the ball, or he was avoiding the ball. 

In cricket a bowler can dismiss a batsman in a number of ways. These ways are Bowled, Caught, Leg before Wicket (LBW), Stumped and Run-Out.

Bowled: A batsman is bowled when the bowler’s legal delivery hits the stumps and a bail is completely removed. The ball can either strike the stumps directly or it can be deflected off the bat or body of the batsman

Caught: The batsman is out when they strike the ball with the bat (or it touches their glove) and the ball is caught by either the bowler or a fielder before the ball hits the ground.

Leg Before Wicket (LBW): A batsman is out LBW when the ball hits any part of the batsman’s body and umpire judges that the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps.

Stumped: A batsman is stumped when he steps out of the crease and he then fails to ground part of his body or his bat behind the crease before the wicket-keeper knocks the bails off the wicket with the ball.

Run-Out: A batsman is run-out when the fielder hits the wicket while the batsmen are running between the wickets and the batsman running to that end fails to ground part of his body or his bat behind the crease before the bails are removed.

The game of cricket has many benefits. These include Health, Co-ordination, Mental Benefits and Social Benefits.

Cricket helps keep you healthy by building up muscles and cardio fitness.

Cricket helps with the increase of hand-eye coordination. Focus and Determination is also increased.

Cricket has many social benefits. Cricket helps with team camaraderie when during a game little action is happening. Children who play cricket learn cooperation and other social skills. Cricket also helps build a sense of pride and accomplishment.

Video: 25 best catches


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